All content and photographs, unless otherwise stated, are copyright to Duncan Miles 45eme. If you would like to use materials from this web site please contact the 45eme via the 'Contact Us' page.
CREATION OF THE REGIMENT
The 45eme Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne was originally created in 1643 as the Regiment de la Reine-Mere. It was part of the Armee d'Italie in 1792-94 and formed part of the l'Interieure and de Reserve during the period 1795-99. A flag taken at the fall of Mantua on 30 July 1799, and currently on show in the Army Museum in Vienna, belonged to the 3e bataillon 45eme and has the Pont de Lodi, Bataille de Castiglione, combat sur la Brenta, Bataille d'Arcolo, 1re et 2e Bataille de Rivoli and the Bataille de St George shown on it.
n 1802 the Regiment saw service in Switzerland and from 1802 to 1805 it was part of L'Armee de Hanovre. The Regiment took part in the campaigns in Austria, Prussia, and Poland and was sent to Spain and saw service at Talavera, Chiclana, Albuhera, Alba de Tormes, Vittoria and in Germany at Dresden in 1813. The rest of the regiment were seeing action at Nivelle, Orthez, and Toulouse. In 1815 it took part in the Waterloo campaign.
An abridged history of the 45eme Infanterie Regiment de Ligne (1643 - 1898) translated from the original version by Captain X.Poli is available in this link. An updated and translated version is available in this link.
1643: Created as Regiment de la Reine-Mere
1666: Renamed Regiment d'Arois
1673: Renamed Regiment de la Couronne
1791: 45eme Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 45eme demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)
1er bataillon 23e Regiment de Ligne
1er bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes
1er bataillon Volontires de la Lozere
1796: 45eme demi-brgade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)
100e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 50eme Regt d'Inf, 7e Bat Vol des Bouches-du-Rhone and Bat Vol de Tarascon)
105eme demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 53eme Regt d'Inf and 1er and 2e Bat Vol du Gers)
Bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes
1803: 45eme Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne
The original Latin motto for the Regiment was 'Hanc Coronam Mastreka Dedit' which translates as 'Maastricht gave this crown’.
Regimental War Record (Battles and Combats)
1792: Valmy and Siege of Lille
1793: Nerwinden and Wattignies
1794: Courtrai and Capture of Ypres
1796: Lodi, Mantoue, Saint-Georges, and Castiglione
1799: Magnano, Cassano, Novi, Gavi, and Tortone
1806: Crewitz and Lubeck
1807: Ostrelenka and Friedland
1809: Alcantara, Aspern-Essling, Wagram, Talevera-de-la-Reina,
1811: Barrosa, Fuentes-de-Onoro, and Albuera
1813: Vittoria, Echalar, Nivelle, and Bayonne
1813: Dresden and Dantzig
1814: Garris, Orthez, and Toulouse